The Catholic University of America

Detail of engraved, added title page from Caspar van Baerle's “Rerum per octennium in Brasilia ... historia” (Amsterdam: Ioannis Blaeu, 1647), a history of the eight-year governorship of Count Johan Maurits of Nassau.

The Oliveira Lima Library 

The Oliveira Lima Library is a collection of books, manuscripts, pamphlets, maps, photographs and works of art that is dedicated to the history and culture of Portugal and Brazil. The original collection of 40,000 volumes was the personal library of the Brazilian diplomat, historian and journalist Manoel de Oliveira Lima (1867–1928).

The library holds 60,000 printed works—including books, serials, pamphlets, maps and broadsides—as well as more than 700 manuscripts. Among the strengths of the collection are Portuguese chronicles from the age of exploration; the history of the religious orders in the Portuguese world, especially works by and about Jesuits; the social, cultural and diplomatic history of 19th-century Portugal and Brazil; and the complete works of a wide range of Portuguese and Brazilian writers. The library also houses the Oliveira Lima Family Papers, comprising letters from more than 1,400 correspondents, including the leading Portuguese and Brazilian writers of Oliveira Lima’s day; 60 volumes of scrapbooks containing Oliveira Lima’s journalistic writings; and a distinguished collection of artworks, maps and 19th- and early 20th-century photographs. Although its focus is the Portuguese world, especially Brazil, the collection also includes materials for the study of Asia, Africa, India, and other parts of Latin America.

The Scholar's Guide to Washington, D.C.: Latin American and Caribbean Studies (Woodrow Wilson International Center, 1992) states that the library generally is considered the finest collection of Luso-Brazilian materials in the U.S. The Library of Congress duplicates and supplements some of the materials found in the Oliveira Lima Library, but there is no other specialized collection for comparable depth, particularly for the study of Portuguese expansion in the sixteenth century and for the social and cultural history of Brazil from the arrival of the Portuguese court (in 1808) to 1930.

Since 1920 the library has been an integral part of the Catholic University of America and has played a leading role in the development of Portuguese and Brazilian studies in the United States, Latin America and Europe. The library has elevated the university’s profile on a global scale. In recent years Brazil’s emergence as a regional and world power has stimulated increased demand for the study of Brazilian history and culture and of the Portuguese language, calling attention to the library’s strategic value as a foundation for new academic initiatives and partnerships. Visiting researchers and the library's staff have organized exhibitions of library materials and participated in lectures and conferences at the Catholic University of America and at many other universities, libraries, research institutes and museums.

Frans Post, “Brazilian Landscape, Probably Pernambuco,” 1669. Oil on panel.
Frans Post, Brazilian Landscape, Probably Pernambuco, 1669. Oil on panel.





Contact Information 

Access to the Oliveira Lima Library collections is by appointment only. Please send your requests to Requests for information and duplication services will be filled as soon as possible, usually within two weeks.

Visitation should be scheduled via email at least one week in advance.

Phone: (202) 319-5059
Mailing Address:
   Room 022, Mullen Library
   The Catholic University of America
   Washington, DC 20064

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In the News 

The Estado de São Paulo has published an article, "Astrofísica da Nasa assume reitoria de universidade nos EUA e resgata acervo de diplomata brasileiro," describing the library’s holdings and future plans. Click here for an English translation.*

*To view this content, you must download Adobe Acrobat Reader

Most of the Oliveira Lima Library’s 19th- and 20th-century pamphlets – nearly all of them rare or unique -- have been digitized thanks to a partnership between the library and Gale Cengage Learning. The pamphlets cover such topics as colonialism, the Brazilian independence period, slavery and abolition, the Catholic Church, indigenous peoples, immigration, economic development, geography, agriculture, medicine and public health, international relations, and Brazilian and Portuguese literature.


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